简介:准备 LNMP 环境

LNMP 是 Linux、Nginx、MySQL 和 PHP 的缩写,是 WordPress 博客系统依赖的基础运行环境。

第一步:安装Nginx

使用 yum 安装 Nginx:
yum install nginx -y
修改 /etc/nginx/conf.d/default.conf,去除对 IPv6 地址的监听[?],可参考下面的示例:
示例代码:/etc/nginx/conf.d/default.conf

server {
    listen       80 default_server;
    # listen       [::]:80 default_server;
    server_name  _;
    root         /usr/share/nginx/html;

    # Load configuration files for the default server block.
    include /etc/nginx/default.d/*.conf; location / {
    }

    error_page 404 /404.html;
        location = /40x.html {
    }

    error_page 500 502 503 504 /50x.html;
        location = /50x.html {
    }

}

修改完成后,启动 Nginx:
nginx
此时,可访问实验机器外网 HTTP 服务(http://<您的 CVM IP 地址>)来确认是否已经安装成功。
将 Nginx 设置为开机自动启动:
chkconfig nginx on CentOS 6 不支持 IPv6,需要取消对 IPv6 地址的监听,否则 Nginx 不能成功启动。

第二步:安装 MySQL

使用 yum 安装 MySQL:

yum install mysql -y

安装完成后,启动 MySQL 服务:

service mysqld restart

设置 MySQL 账户 root 密码:

/usr/bin/mysqladmin -u root password '12345'

将 MySQL 设置为开机自动启动:

chkconfig mysqld on

下面命令中的密码是教程为您自动生成的,为了方便实验的进行,不建议使用其它密码。如果设置其它密码,请把密码记住,在后续的步骤会使用到。

第三步:安装 PHP

使用 yum 安装 PHP:

yum install php-fpm php-mysql -y

安装之后,启动 PHP-FPM 进程:

service php-fpm start

启动之后,可以使用下面的命令查看 PHP-FPM 进程监听哪个端口 [?]

netstat -nlpt | grep php-fpm

把 PHP-FPM 也设置成开机自动启动:

chkconfig php-fpm on

CentOs 6 默认已经安装了 PHP-FPM 及 PHP-MYSQL,下面命令执行的可能会提示已经安装。
PHP-FPM 默认监听 9000 端口

第四步:安装并配置 WordPress

一:安装 WordPress

配置好 LNMP 环境后,继续使用 yum 来安装 WordPress:

yum install wordpress -y

安装完成后,就可以在 /usr/share/wordpress 看到 WordPress 的源代码了。

二:配置

配置数据库

进入 MySQL:

mysql -uroot --password='MyPas$word4Word_Press'

为 WordPress 创建一个数据库:

CREATE DATABASE wordpress;

MySQL 部分设置完了,我们退出 MySQL 环境:

exit

把上述的 DB 配置同步到 WordPress 的配置文件中,可参考下面的配置:
示例代码:/etc/wordpress/wp-config.php

<?php <span class="hljs-javadoc">/**
 * The base configuration for WordPress
 *
 * The wp-config.php creation script uses this file during the
 * installation. You don't have to use the web site, you can
 * copy this file to "wp-config.php" and fill in the values.
 *
 * This file contains the following configurations:
 *
 * * MySQL settings
 * * Secret keys
 * * Database table prefix
 * * ABSPATH
 *
 * <span class="hljs-javadoctag">@link</span> https://codex.wordpress.org/Editing_wp-config.php
 *
 * <span class="hljs-javadoctag">@package</span> WordPress
 */</span> <span class="hljs-comment">// ** MySQL settings - You can get this info from your web host ** //</span> <span class="hljs-javadoc">/** The name of the database for WordPress */</span> define(<span class="hljs-string">'DB_NAME'</span>, <span class="hljs-string">'wordpress'</span>); <span class="hljs-javadoc">/** MySQL database username */</span> define(<span class="hljs-string">'DB_USER'</span>, <span class="hljs-string">'root'</span>); <span class="hljs-javadoc">/** MySQL database password */</span> define(<span class="hljs-string">'DB_PASSWORD'</span>, <span class="hljs-string">'MyPas$word4Word_Press'</span>); <span class="hljs-javadoc">/** MySQL hostname */</span> define(<span class="hljs-string">'DB_HOST'</span>, <span class="hljs-string">'localhost'</span>); <span class="hljs-javadoc">/** Database Charset to use in creating database tables. */</span> define(<span class="hljs-string">'DB_CHARSET'</span>, <span class="hljs-string">'utf8'</span>); <span class="hljs-javadoc">/** The Database Collate type. Don't change this if in doubt. */</span> define(<span class="hljs-string">'DB_COLLATE'</span>, <span class="hljs-string">''</span>); <span class="hljs-javadoc">/**#@+
 * Authentication Unique Keys and Salts.
 *
 * Change these to different unique phrases!
 * You can generate these using the {<span class="hljs-javadoctag">@link</span> https://api.wordpress.org/secret-key/1.1/salt/ WordPress.org secret-key service}
 * You can change these at any point in time to invalidate all existing cookies. This will force all users to have to log in again.
 *
 * <span class="hljs-javadoctag">@since</span> 2.6.0
 */</span> define(<span class="hljs-string">'AUTH_KEY'</span>, <span class="hljs-string">'put your unique phrase here'</span>);
define(<span class="hljs-string">'SECURE_AUTH_KEY'</span>, <span class="hljs-string">'put your unique phrase here'</span>);
define(<span class="hljs-string">'LOGGED_IN_KEY'</span>, <span class="hljs-string">'put your unique phrase here'</span>);
define(<span class="hljs-string">'NONCE_KEY'</span>, <span class="hljs-string">'put your unique phrase here'</span>);
define(<span class="hljs-string">'AUTH_SALT'</span>, <span class="hljs-string">'put your unique phrase here'</span>);
define(<span class="hljs-string">'SECURE_AUTH_SALT'</span>, <span class="hljs-string">'put your unique phrase here'</span>);
define(<span class="hljs-string">'LOGGED_IN_SALT'</span>, <span class="hljs-string">'put your unique phrase here'</span>);
define(<span class="hljs-string">'NONCE_SALT'</span>, <span class="hljs-string">'put your unique phrase here'</span>); <span class="hljs-javadoc">/**#@-*/</span> <span class="hljs-javadoc">/**
 * WordPress Database Table prefix.
 *
 * You can have multiple installations in one database if you give each
 * a unique prefix. Only numbers, letters, and underscores please!
 */</span> $table_prefix  = <span class="hljs-string">'wp_'</span>; <span class="hljs-javadoc">/**
 * See http://make.wordpress.org/core/2013/10/25/the-definitive-guide-to-disabling-auto-updates-in-wordpress-3-7
 */</span> <span class="hljs-comment">/* Disable all file change, as RPM base installation are read-only */</span> define(<span class="hljs-string">'DISALLOW_FILE_MODS'</span>, <span class="hljs-keyword">true</span>); <span class="hljs-comment">/* Disable automatic updater, in case you want to allow
   above FILE_MODS for plugins, themes, ... */</span> define(<span class="hljs-string">'AUTOMATIC_UPDATER_DISABLED'</span>, <span class="hljs-keyword">true</span>); <span class="hljs-comment">/* Core update is always disabled, WP_AUTO_UPDATE_CORE value is ignore */</span> <span class="hljs-javadoc">/**
 * For developers: WordPress debugging mode.
 *
 * Change this to true to enable the display of notices during development.
 * It is strongly recommended that plugin and theme developers use WP_DEBUG
 * in their development environments.
 *
 * For information on other constants that can be used for debugging,
 * visit the Codex.
 *
 * <span class="hljs-javadoctag">@link</span> https://codex.wordpress.org/Debugging_in_WordPress
 */</span> define(<span class="hljs-string">'WP_DEBUG'</span>, <span class="hljs-keyword">false</span>); <span class="hljs-comment">/* That's all, stop editing! Happy blogging. */</span> <span class="hljs-javadoc">/** Absolute path to the WordPress directory. */</span> <span class="hljs-keyword">if</span> ( !defined(<span class="hljs-string">'ABSPATH'</span>) )
    define(<span class="hljs-string">'ABSPATH'</span>, <span class="hljs-string">'/usr/share/wordpress'</span>); <span class="hljs-javadoc">/** Sets up WordPress vars and included files. */</span> require_once(ABSPATH . <span class="hljs-string">'wp-settings.php'</span>);

如果你上面的步骤没有使用教程创建的密码,请修改下面命令中的密码登录

配置 Nginx

WordPress 已经安装完毕,我们配置 Nginx 把请求转发给 PHP-FPM 来处理
首先,重命名默认的配置文件:[?]

cd /etc/nginx/conf.d/
mv default.conf defaut.conf.bak

在 /etc/nginx/conf.d 创建 wordpress.conf 配置,参考下面的内容:
示例代码:/etc/nginx/conf.d/wordpress.conf

server</span> {
    listen <span class="hljs-number">80</span>;
    root /usr/share/wordpress;
    location / { <span class="hljs-keyword">index</span> <span class="hljs-keyword">index</span>.php <span class="hljs-keyword">index</span>.html <span class="hljs-keyword">index</span>.htm;
        try_files $uri $uri/ /<span class="hljs-keyword">index</span>.php <span class="hljs-keyword">index</span>.php;
    } <span class="hljs-preprocessor"># pass the PHP scripts to FastCGI server listening on 127.0.0.1:9000</span> location ~ .php$ {
        fastcgi_pass <span class="hljs-number">127.0</span><span class="hljs-number">.0</span><span class="hljs-number">.1</span>:<span class="hljs-number">9000</span>;
        fastcgi_index <span class="hljs-keyword">index</span>.php;
        fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME  $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
        include        fastcgi_params;
    }
}

配置后,通知 Nginx 进程重新加载:

nginx -s reload

默认的 Server 监听 80 端口,与 WordPress 的服务端口冲突,将其重命名为 .bak 后缀以禁用默认配置

第五步:登录验证

域名注册

域名解析

域名购买完成后, 需要将域名解析到云主机上,云主机的 IP 为:

<您的 CVM IP 地址>

 

大功告成!

恭喜,您的 WordPress 博客已经部署完成,您可以通过浏览器访问博客查看效果。
通过IP地址查看:
博客访问地址:http://<您的域名>/wp-admin/install.php 通过域名查看:
博客访问地址:http://域名/wp-admin/install.php